Chandigarh: Chandigarh was designed by the Swiss-French modernist architect, Le Corbusier known as “City Beautiful”. is spread over approximately 114 km is located at the north of India at the foot-hills of Shivalik ranges a part of fragile Himalayan ecosystem situated above 321 meters of the sea level within 30°44’14N latitude and 76°47’14E longitude and surrounded by Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh which shared their boundaries. Apart from the urban area, there are Forested areas i.e. Nepali Forest, Kansal Forest, Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary, City Forest, Botanical Garden of Panjab University and Sarangpur is rich pockets of biodiversity having over 46% green cover. Chandigarh is also called a “City of Gardens” full of flora and fauna.
The vision of Dr. MS Randhawa, the first Administrator of the city was a plant lover and played a key role in beautifying the city The infrastructure of a variety of trees is a very big achievement. The city roads and streets have been planted aesthetically and several gardens have been manicured He encouraged the collection of decorative plants and trees from all over the world. The result was that the city got enriched with an extensive collection of all kinds of beautiful fauna from different parts of India as well as other parts of the world.
Butterfly Park, Chandigarh is spread over an area of 7 acres of land meticulously landscaping properly maintained with verities of trees and shrubs, waterbody, glasshouse, greenhouse, nursery, fountains and sprinkling water system to create a perfect habitat for butterflies. There are 24 types of fully grown trees like- Mango, Chikku, Lichhi, Jamun, Jackfruit, Ashoka, Banyan, Lemon, Gular, Nashpatti, Lukat, Neem, Anar, Silver Oak, Galgal, Mosammi, Kapoor, Amaltas, Aalu Bukhara, Aadu, Kinnu, Bottle Brush, Shehtoot and Berri Small plants like Mayur Pankhi, Varieties of Palm, Papaya, Banana, Lantana, Bloodflower, Aak, Kari Patta, Arind and many more. There are more than 40 host plants of butterflies in the park and many more in the pipeline.