Chandigarh/ January 10: Haryana has set a new benchmark in the Male-Female sex ratio as the State has witnessed a remarkable increase of 52 points in sex ratio at birth during the last five years. As per the latest figures, the sex ratio of the State has increased from 871 girls for every 1,000 boys, in 2014 to 923 girls in 2019. Interestingly, the increase is even higher than the target set by the Government of India under ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ (B3P) Guidelines.
Panchkula and Ambala district achieve ideal SRB of 950+
Sharing more details in this regard, Nodal Officer ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ program, Dr. Rakesh Gupta said it is a matter of great pride that under the able guidance of Chief Minister, Mr. Manohar Lal, the State had gone up by leaps and bounds viz-a-viz the sex ratio. He said that five years back in January 2015, when the Prime Minister had launched the B3P campaign from the historic city of Panipat, nobody could have ever imagined that as State like Haryana which was struggling from decades over this the issue could ever witness such improvement. However constant and dedicated efforts done by the State Government have finally borne fruit and still more has to be done in this direction.
A total of 5, 18,725 births were registered during 2019 which includes 2, 48,950 female births and 2, 69,775 male births. He said that the majority of the districts which had a low sex ratio of below 900 for decades are now placed better with the sex ratio of 920+. Two districts namely Panchkula and Ambala have attained the distinction of being 950+ (963,959 respectively), an ideal sex ratio at birth as per Public Health experts.
After the implementation of B3P in the State, around 25,000 girls were saved from being killed during the last 5 years through this campaign launched against female foeticide. This improvement in the sex ratio at birth is not limited only to certain districts, as the ratio has been increased overall throughout the State.
Dr. Rakesh Gupta further shared that Mahendragarh district of Haryana, which since decade was known to have the lowest sex ratio has also done wonders as the district gained a massive jump of 172 points to reach 917 in 2019, while, in 2014, the sex ratio of the district was even less than 800 (745). He said that in 2019, more than 2500 girls were saved in Mahendragarh district alone
Even the Government of India in its last Central Supervisory Board meeting held in Delhi under the chairmanship of Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare Dr. Harsh Vardhan in October 2019, had appreciated Haryana Government’s efforts.
He said that for showing outstanding results under the B3P campaign, many of its districts of the State were facilitated on multiple occasions like ‘Girl Child Day’ by the Government of India since 2015. Prime Minister of India also appreciated the efforts of the State Government in this regard on many occasions.
Dr. Rakesh Gupta said that it was in January 2015, that Prime Minister of India started the massive nationwide campaign of ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ program from historical city Panipat and then the Haryana Chief Minister had accepted the campaign as a challenge to improve the sex ratio in the State to become an ideal State not only in the country but in the world.
In this direction, strict action against the female foeticide along with several awareness programs was launched in all the districts. Apart from this, tightening the noose around the illegal sex detection/sex selection centers as well as illegal abortion centers running in Haryana and the neighboring states, sting operations, and surprise inspections were conducted and such illegal centers were sealed after registering the FIRs against such offenders under the PC-PNDT/MTP Act.
During the last 5 years, more than 730 FIRs were registered including 185 FIRs in neighboring States of UP, Punjab, Delhi, Rajasthan, and Uttrakhand and around 2000 culprits arrested in this crackdown against female foeticide. More than 200 prosecution cases under the PC-PNDT Act are under trial in various courts against the offenders.
Apart from this the State Government also implemented an ‘informer incentive scheme’ providing a reward of one lakh to the informer providing information about the sex determination in any part of State, which helped in exposing the gangs of criminals involved in this crime, Dr. Rakesh Gupta added.
In a bid to nab the criminals running illegal centers across the border, an exclusive concept of inter-state, as well as inter-district raids in coordination with local authorities under the PNDT/MTP Act, was implemented in the State, which has shown positive results.
Dr. Rakesh Gupta said that the Chief Minister, Mr. Manohar Lal has assured that the commitment of the State Government to fight against female foeticide will continue with full vigor in the future and those involved in female foeticide will not be spared.
He said that the Chief Minister has congratulated all the stakeholder departments, officers and staff of health, police, prosecution women and child development Food Drug Administration, civil societies and NGOs whose commitment and dedicated efforts have helped the State to achieve the good results of increasing the sex ratio graph and setting an example for the other states.
As per Civil Registration System (CRS), District wise Sex Ratio at birth up to December 2019 in Panchkula is 963, Ambala is 959, Panipat is 939, Jind 938, Yamunanagar 936, Hisar 932, Palwal 930, Kurukshetra 929, Fatehabad 922, Nuh 921, Faridabad 921, Sirsa 920, Kaithal 919, Rewari 919, Mahendergarh 917, Jhajjar 914, Sonipat 911, Rohtak 911, Gurugram 910, Karnal 908 and Bhiwani 894.